Freedom Ain’t Free & Take Our Country Back

VICTORY Is Not Defeat

Jihad: Part2

In the first installment, we delved into Surah Al-Baqarah, examining 2:216 and its tafsir. We learned that Jihad is holy fighting in Allah’s cause, that it is physical fighting, risking injury & death and that it is mandatory, not optional.  But how is it affected by later Surahs? Was it abrogated?   We’ll look to the next Surah, Al-Anfal, for part of the answer.

The name: Al-Anfal, is instructive. It means “the spoils”. That’s right, war booty. Why would Allah’s book, the scripture of the religion of peace, have a chapter named spoils? Perhaps because Jihad is mandatory in Islam.  Jihad, against whom?
In Surah Al-Anfal, Jihad is against pagans, particularly the Meccans. Before jumping for joy, believing the scope & term of the command to be limited, consider the translator’s commentary to 8:39, which is appended.

8:38. Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning).

8:39. And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allâh Alone [in the whole of the world ]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allâh), then certainly, Allâh is All-Seer of what they do.

(V.8:39) It is mentioned by some of the Islamic religious scholars that, that will be at the
time when Ise (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)  will descend on the earth, and
he will not accept any other religion except Islam ” The True Religion of Allah ” Islamic
monotheism).(V.8:39) A) See the footnote of (\/.2:193).[That note quotes one of the hadith cited by Ibn Kathir below.]

  • What are Muslims commanded to do? fight them
  • Who are they? those who have disbelieved
  • What are the terminal conditions?
    • no more disbelief
    • no more polytheism
    • religion for Allah alone.

Does this ayeh really mean what it says?

Allah then commanded fighting the disbelievers when He said:(…until there is no more Fitnah) meaning, Shirk. This is the opinion of Ibn `Abbas, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi`, Muqatil bin Hayyan, As-Suddi and Zayd bin Aslam.

Allah’s statement:

(…and the religion (all and every kind of worship) is for Allah (Alone).) means, `So that the religion of Allah becomes dominant above all other religions.‘ It is reported in the Two Sahihs that Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari said: “The Prophet was asked, `O Allah’s Messenger! A man fights out of bravery, and another fights to show off, which of them fights in the cause of Allah’ The Prophet said:

(He who fights so that Allah’s Word is superior, then he fights in Allah’s cause.) In addition, it is reported in the Two Sahihs: (I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight the people until they proclaim, `None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’. Whoever said it, then he will save his life and property from me, except for cases of the law, and their account will be with Allah.)… The Order to fight until there is no more Fitnah

In confirming what we already knew, Ibn Kathir cited the two ahadith I planned to use,  I linked to them in line so that you can verify them.

Moe’s statement that he was ordered to fight the people until they become Muslim, that they thereby save their lives and property from him, clearly confirms the order to fight contained in 8:39.

That is not the end of the matter for Al-Anfal.

8:57. So if you gain the mastery over them in war, punish them severely in order to disperse those who are behind them, so that they may learn a lesson.

8:60. And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery, etc.) to threaten the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others besides whom, you may not know but whom Allah does know. And whatever you shall spend in the Cause of Allah shall be repaid unto you, and you shall not be treated unjustly.

8:65O Prophet (Muhammad)! Urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundred, and if there be a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are people who do not understand.

8:67. It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allâh desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

8:69. So enjoy what you have gotten of booty in war, lawful and good, and be afraid of Allâh. Certainly, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

8:57 & 8:60 are tokens of terrorism: punishing defeated Kuffar so as to admonish others and building up as much force as possible to threaten other potential victims. 8:65 is an obvious example of warmongering. 8:67 makes great slaughter a prerequisite for admission to Paradise; it sanctifies genocide. 8:69, along with 8:1 & 8:41, shows us what the title of this Surah is all about.  They find ample reinforcement in this hadith:

Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4327:
The spoils of war were not made lawful for any people before us, This is because Allah saw our weakness and humility and made them lawful for us.

Next we turn to Surah Al-Taubah, next to last in order of revelation, to see if it confirms or abrogates our present discoveries.

October 6, 2008 - Posted by | GWOT, Islam, Politics, Religion, Religion of Peace | , , , , , , , , , , ,

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